Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei
(1564 AD - 1642 AD)
   Italian mathematician, astronomer and physicist. He was the first person to observe the sky using a telescope. His observations led him to discover sunspots, mountains and valleys on the Moon, Jupiter's four largest satellites and the phases of Venus. Galileo was a supporter of the Heliocentric Theory, but the Church declared teaching that the Earth moved as heresy, and had him placed under house arrest. The Church held this position for 350 years, until in 1979 when an investigation was started into the possible reversal of Galileo's condemnation. He was officially exonerate in 1992. This was a victory for Galileo who spent most of his life fighting to keep scientific research free from censorship.

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